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得獎者 獎項 年度 得獎原因
Axel, Richard 醫學 2004 for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system
Buck, Linda B.
Knowles, William 化學 2001 for their work on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions
Stiglitz, Joseph 經濟 2001 for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information.
Heckman, James 經濟 2000 for his development of theory and methods for analyzing selective samples
Kandel, Eric 醫學 2000 for describing how short-term and long-term memory is formed on the molecular level
Mundell, Robert 經濟 1999 for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas
Ignarro, Louis J. 醫學 1998 for discovery of the signalling properties of nitric oxide
Stormer, Horst L. 物理 1998 for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations
Merton, Robert C 經濟 1997 for a new method to determine the value of derivatives
Vickrey, William S. 經濟 1996 for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information
Perl, Martin L. 物理 1995 or the discovery of the tau lepton
Fogel, Robert W. 經濟 1993 for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change
Becker, Gary S 經濟 1992 for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behaviour and interaction, including nonmarket behaviour
Walcott, Derek 文學 1992 for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment.
Gordimer, Nadine 文學 1991 who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity
Thomas, E. Donnall 醫學 1990 for work on organ and cell transplantation
Ramsey, Norman F 物理 1989 for the invention of the separated oscillatory fields method and its use in the hydrogen maser and other atomic clocks
Varmus, Harold E. 醫學 1989 for discovering the cellular origins of retroviral oncogenes
Lederman, Leon M 物理 1988 for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino
Schwartz, Melvin
Steinberger, Jack
Brodsky, Joseph 文學 1987 for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity
Solow, Robert 經濟 1987 for his contributions to the theory of economic growth

得獎者 獎項 年度 得獎原因
Andrew Z. Fire 醫學 2006 for their discovery of RNA interference - gene silencing by double-stranded RNA
Robert Aumann 經濟 2005 for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis
Leland H. Hartwell 醫學 2001 for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle
Eric Cornel 物理 2001 for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates
Carl E. Wieman
George Akerlof 經濟 2001 for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information
Joseph Stiglitz
Kofi Annan 和平 2001

for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world

H. Robert Horvitz 醫學 2002 for their discoveries concerning 'genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death
Robert Mundell 經濟 1999 for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas
Robert B. Laughlin 物理 1998 for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations
Robert C. Merton 經濟 1997 for a new method to determine the value of derivatives
William D. Phillips 物理 1997 for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light
Elias James Corey 化學 1990 for his development of the theory and methodology of organic synthesis
Henry W. Kendall 物理 1990 for their investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons
Sid Altman 化學 1989 for their discovery of catalytic properties of RNA

得獎者 獎項 年度 得獎原因
Richard R. Schrock 化學 2005 For the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis
John Sulston 醫學 2002 For discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death
Sydney Brenne 醫學 2002
Tim Hunt 醫學 2001 For discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle
Joseph Stiglitz 經濟 2001 For analyses of markets with asymmetric information
Alan McDiarmid 化學 2000 For the discovery and development of conductive polymers
Paul Greengard 醫學 2000 For discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system
Amartya Sen 經濟 1998 For his contributions to welfare economics
John Pople 化學 1998 For the development of computational methods in quantum chemistry
John Walker 化學 1997 For studying how a spinning enzyme creates the molecule that powers cells in muscles
James Mirrlee 經濟 1996 For studying behaviour in the absence of complete information
Norman Ramsey 物理 1989 Research on separate oscillatory fields to make precise measurements

得獎者 獎項 年度 得獎原因
Roy J. Glauber 物理 2005 For his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence
Thomas C. Schelling 經濟 2005 For having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis
Linda B. Buck 醫學 2004 For discoveries of "odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"
Riccardo Giacconi 物理 2002 For pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources
A. Michael Spence 經濟 2001 For analyses of markets with asymmetric information
Amartya Sen 經濟 1998 Research on welfare economics
Robert C. Merton 經濟 1997 For a new method to determine the value of derivatives
Seamus Heaney 文學 1995 For poetic works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past
Joseph E. Murray 醫學 1990 Developed new procedures for organ transplants
Elias J. Corey 化學 1990 Devised rules that allow scientists to make complex new molecules from ordinary chemicals
Norman Ramsey 物理 1989 Research on separate oscillatory fields to make precise measurements

得獎者 獎項 年度 得獎原因
George F. Smoot 物理 2006 for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation
George A. Akerlof 經濟 2001 for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information
Daniel L. McFadden 經濟 2000 for his development of theory and methods for analyzing discrete choice
Steven Chu 物理 1997 for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light
John C. Harsanyi 經濟 1994 for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games

得獎者 獎項 年度 得獎原因
Michael Spence 經濟 2001 work on the dynamics of information flows and market development
V S Naipaul 文學 2001 for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories.
Aung San Suu Kyi 和平 1991 for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights
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